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Division of Investigations

Initiates and executes investigations of possible violations of the statutes administered by the Commission and the rules, orders, and regulations issued thereunder. Recommends remedies to address violations and pursues remedies through settlement or enforcement action. Administers the implementation of 18 C.F.R. Parts 1b and 1c. Maintains the Enforcement Hotline. Advises the Commission on enforcement and compliance issues.


  • Provides overall guidance on general enforcement policy and on all aspects of the enforcement program.

  • Conducts preliminary investigations concerning possible violations of statutes, orders, opinions, or regulations.

  • Advises the Commission on whether to issue formal orders of investigation or take alternative actions such as administrative or judicial enforcement actions, rulemaking, or show cause proceedings.

  • Conducts formal investigations that may include the issuance of subpoenas.

  • Represents the Commission in actions for injunctive and other relief in Federal District Court as appropriate.

  • Represents the Commission and explains and advocates its legal and policy positions in meetings with industry, other agencies, and the public.

  • Appears in administrative adjudicatory proceedings involving alleged violations.

  • Negotiates settlements to obtain compliance with and remedy violations of statutes, regulations and orders.

  • Recommends transmittal of evidence of probable criminal violations to the Department of Justice (DOJ) and other agencies and, if approved by the Commission, coordinates with DOJ and other agencies during the resulting criminal investigation and prosecution.

  • Participates in development of the Commission's strategic plan and recommends regulatory and statutory changes necessary to carry out the enforcement and compliance process.

  • Establishes and maintains communication with other federal agencies, state utility Commissions and other groups that aid in the enforcement and compliace process.

  • Undertakes any other appropriate enforcement action.

  • Drafts orders, rulemakings and associated memoranda and advises the Commission on matters pertaining to enforcement and compliance.

  • Participates in the development and the analysis of legislation.

  • Maintains the Enforcement Hotline to receive complaints, informally resolve disputes, and provide informed staff opinions and general information to callers concerning any matter subject to the Commission's jurisdiction.

Larry Parkinson, Director
Telephone: 202-502-8051
Email: larry.parkinson@ferc.gov

David Applebaum, Deputy Director
Telephone: 202-502-8186
Email: david.applebaum@ferc.gov

Kathryn Kuhlen, Senior Attorney
Telephone: 202-502-6855
Email: kathryn.kuhlen@ferc.gov

Demetra Anas, Branch 1 Chief
Telephone: 202-502-8178
Email: demetra.anas@ferc.gov

Justin Shellaway, Branch 2 Chief
Telephone: 202-502-6573
Email: justin.shellaway@ferc.gov

Geof Hobday, Branch 3 Chief
Telephone: 202-502-6256
Email: geof.hobday@ferc.gov

Enforcement Hotline
Telephone: 202-502-8390
Toll-free: 1-888-889-8030
Email: hotline@ferc.gov

Updated: September 8, 2014