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Federal Energy Regulatory Commission

Industries Electric Industry Activities Addressing the 2000-2001 Western Energy Crisis

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Chronology at a Glance

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Summer 2000
    Sharp rise in Western energy prices, frequent system emergencies, severe financial distress to California utilities and customers

July 26, 2000
    Commission directs staff to undertake a fact-finding investigation of the conditions in electric bulk power markets (including volatile price fluctuations) in various regions of the country and report its findings to the Commission by November 1, 2000 News Release PDF

August 2, 2000
    San Diego Gas & Electric files a complaint seeking price controls Complaint Filing TIF

August 23, 2000
    Commission initiates a formal investigation of the electric rates and structure of the CAISO, PX and market-based sellers in the California wholesale market, in coordination with a nationwide fact-finding probe of electric wholesale markets, and a refund date is set. This ‘converts’ the earlier staff investigation into a public proceeding with opportunity for comment and refund protection Order PDF

November 1, 2000
November 9, 2000
    Commission holds a technical conference with all California and Western Parties, including the California PUC as well as then Governor Gray Davis Transcript [eLibrary]

December 8, 2000
    Commission temporarily waives its rules regarding the operating and efficiency standards for jurisdictional (QF) generators to increase power supply in California Order TXT

December 15, 2000
    Commission eliminates the mandatory PX buy-sell requirement, sets a benchmark price for wholesale bilateral contracts, orders market monitoring, adds a penalty charge for underscheduling of power, orders the establishment of independent, non-stakeholder Governing Boards for the PX and the ISO, and orders generation interconnection procedures Order TXT
February 14, 2001
    Commission addresses CAISO’s creditworthiness tariff revisions. Order TXT
March 9, 2001
  • Commission staff issues a proposal for monitoring and mitigating prices prospectively in California’s wholesale sport power markets. Staff Proposal TIF

  • The Commission also issues the first refund order directing sellers to provide refunds of excess amounts charged for certain electric energy sales during the month of January 2001. Order PDF
March 14, 2001
    Commission issues an order seeking to increase energy supplies and reduce energy demand in California and the West. Order TXT
March 28, 2001
    Commission orders hearing on anti-competitive issues relating to El Paso Natural Gas. Order TIF
April 6, 2001 April 26, 2001
    Commission orders prospective mitigation and monitoring plan for California wholesale electric markets and establishes investigation into wholesale western energy markets. Order PDF
April 30, 2001 June 19, 2001
    Commission issues orders calming market volatility by requiring generators to run and capping prices. Order’s price-control limits on wholesale electricity prices in California ISO and PX markets are never triggered. Order TIF
July 25, 2001
    Commission orders separate hearing on energy prices in California and the Pacific Northwest. News Release PDF
December 2001
February 13, 2002
    Commission institutes a staff-level investigation into Enron and the Western Energy Crisis in Docket No. PA02-2-000. Order PDF
August 13, 2002 December 13, 2002
    California with the assistance of FERC ALJ reaches settlement with Williams to restructure energy contracts (estimated $1.4 billion savings).
January 31, 2003
March 26, 2003
March 26, 2003
March 26, 2003
March 26, 2003
June 25, 2003
June 25, 2003
June 25–26, 2003
June 26, 2003
    In order to prevent market abuse and provide clear "rules of the road" for all market participants, the Commission proposed rules to curb improper market manipulation while tightening communication and reporting requirements for electric power and natural gas markets.

July 15, 2003
    A FERC Administrative Law Judge issues an Initial Decision finding that Enron must disgorge $32.5 million in profits earned in violation of its market-based rate authority Initial Decision PDF

July 18, 2003
July 23, 2003
October 2, 2003
    Commission approves settlement with Reliant for up to $50 million in disgorgement of profits in the anomalous bidding investigation

November 14, 2003
November 17, 2003
    Commission finalizes anti-manipulation rules Order PDF.

December 18, 2003
December 19, 2003
January 22, 2004
January 26, 2004
    The FERC Chief Administrative Law Judge consolidates for hearing the remaining Gaming and Partnership cases with outstanding Enron issues (EL03-180). Order PDF
February 2004
    Snohomish obtains recordings of Enron trader conversations with the help of Commission trial staff.
March 4, 2004
March 8, 2004
March 26, 2004 April 19, 2004 May 6, 2004 July 2, 2004 July 22, 2004
    Commission orders Enron to forfeit at least $32.5 million in unjust profits because it violated its market-based rate authority;

    Commission set for expedited hearing a complaint by Nevada Power Company and Sierra Pacific Company against Enron Power Marketing, Inc relating to a contract termination payment of $300 million;

    Commission directed the ALJ to determine how much more of Enron’s profits earned between January 1997 and June 2003 Enron should be required to forfeit since it was not in compliance with its market-based rate authority. Commission Order PDF
August 2, 2004
August 5, 2004
    Commission approves $3 million Gaming and Partnership settlement with Dynegy PDF (congestion and double selling).
September 21, 2004 September 22, 2004 October 25, 2004 October 27, 2004 December 3, 2004
    The Chief Judge suspends the hearing in Docket No. EL04-1-000 at the request of Nevada Power Company and Sierra Pacific Power Company, after bankruptcy judge enjoins the Nevada utilities from participating in the Enron contract dispute proceeding. Order PDF
December 7, 2004
January 31, 2005
    FERC trial staff testifies in Enron Gaming case that Enron’s profits in Western states from 1997 through 2003 was more than $1.6 billion, and recommends that Enron be required to surrender the full amount.
March 11, 2005
    The Commission clarifies that the disputed terminated contracts between Enron and various utilities (executed during the period January 16, 1997 to June 25, 2003) are within the scope of this proceeding, and shall be addressed in the ongoing hearing in Docket No. EL03-180, et al., subject to any applicable bankruptcy restrictions. Order on Clarification PDF
April 13, 2005 November 15, 2005
    Enron: The Commission approved a settlement for (a) $47 million in cash; (b) $875 million in an allowed unsecured claim; and (c) $600 million civil penalty in favor of the Attorneys General for California, Washington, and Oregon

December 2, 2005
    Public Service Company of Colorado: The Commission approved a settlement for $7.3 million

December 22, 2005
    Reliant: The Commission approved a settlement on December 22, 2005, valued at $512 million. Reliant must also submit monthly reports for a year that staff reviews.
June 28, 2006
May 22, 2006
    Idaho Power Company and IDACORP Energy: The Commission approved a settlement for $24,250,000
January 25, 2006
    Agreement accepted between Enron and Nevada companies settling matters stemming from Western Energy Crisis Decision PDF
November 19, 2007
    FERC denies rehearing of framework for evidence in California refund methodology (EL00-95-136) Decision PDF

October 18, 2007
    FERC vacates California refund orders relating to non-public entities (EL00-95-164) Fact Sheet | Decision PDF

July 6, 2007
    Commission Approves $18 Million California Settlement (EL00-95-000) Fact Sheet | Decision PDF

June 21, 2007
June 21, 2007
    Commission approves two western power settlements totaling more than $84 million that stem from the Commission’s investigations into wholesale power markets during the Western energy crisis E-13: PacifiCorp Decision PDF | E-15: El Paso Decision PDF

March 17, 2007
    FERC approves Settlement and Settlement and Release of Claims Agreement filed on March 12, 2007 by Portland General Electric Company (PGE) and the California Parties. The Settlement consists of a "Joint Explanatory Statement" and a "Settlement and Release of Claims Agreement. The Settlement resolves matters and claims in the Refund Proceedings related to PGE and arising from events and transactions in the Western Energy Markets during the period January 1, 2000 through June 20, 2001 Decision PDF

March 1, 2007
    Commission approves multiparty APX settlement resolving matters related to western energy crisis Decision PDF
December 18, 2008
    Item E-1: FERC orders paper hearings on Supreme Court remand of California contractsDecision PDF
October 23, 2008
    FERC approves California settlement Decision PDF
June 30, 2008 June 4, 2008 May 23, 2008
    FERC approves $26.5 million California settlement Decision PDF
April 2, 2008
    FERC approves $85.7 million Western energy settlement Decision PDF
March 20 , 2008
    FERC orders hearing to address Ninth Circuit Remand Decision PDF
January 8, 2008
    FERC approves Enron-Snohomish settlement Decision PDF
January 4, 2008
July 1, 2009
    FERC approves settlement between CA Parties and Puget Sound Energy Decision PDF
July 1, 2009
    FERC approves settlement between CA Parties and AES Placerita Decision PDF
June 18, 2009
    FERC addresses requests for rehearing and clarification of the cost filing orders addressing requests for cost offsets from refunds issued on January 26, 2006, March 27, 2006, and November 2, 2006 Decision PDF
June 18, 2009
    FERC approves settlement between California Parties and the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Decision PDF
June 18, 2009
    FERC rejects a request for rehearing by Salt River Project Agricultural Improvement and Power District (Salt River) of the Order Denying Rehearing issued November 19, 2007 Decision PDF
June 18, 2009
    FERC denies rehearing and establishes appropriate methodology for allocating approved cost offsets amounts for sellers into CAISO and the PX markets during the Refund Period Decision PDF
January 7, 2009
    FERC approves California market settlement Decision PDF
March 18, 2010
    FERC denies Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) rehearing request of its December 17, 2009 settlement between CA Parties and Comision Federal de Electricidad Decision PDF
March 18, 2010
    FERC denies Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) rehearing request of its December 17, 2009 settlement between CA Parties and PECO/Exelon Decision PDF
March 18, 2010
    FERC denies Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) rehearing request of its December 17, 2009 settlement between CA Parties and Los Angeles Department of Water and Power Decision PDF
August 5, 2011
    On August 3, 2001 in EL01-10 Judge Cintron ordered that all parties file Transaction data in order to “establish the volume of transactions, the identification of net sellers and net buyers, the price and terms and conditions of the sales contracts, and the extent of potential refunds.” In FOIA11-25 this information was made public. eLibrary pre-defined search
April 21, 2011
    FERC approves an uncontested settlement filed on February 22, 2011 between Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) and the California Parties. The settlement resolves claims arising from events and transactions in the western energy markets during the period January 1, 2000 through June 20, 2001, as they relate to SMUD. The settlement consists of a “Joint Offer of Settlement and Motion for Shortened Comment Period, Expedited Disposition, and Other Procedural Relief” (Joint Offer of Settlement), a “Joint Explanatory Statement,” and a “Settlement and Release of Claims Agreement”. Decision PDF
March 15, 2012
    FERC approves an uncontested settlement between the California Parties and Edison Mission Marketing & Trading, Inc., Edison Source Corporation, Citizens Power Sales, LLC, and Peabody Energy Corporation and Gold Fields Mining, LLC (EMMT/Citizens), which resolves claims between EMMT/Citizens and the California Parties for claims arising from events in the western energy markets during the period of January 1, 2000 through June 20, 2001 Decision PDF
November 8, 2013
    FERC approves uncontested settlement in 2000–2001 Western Energy Crises Case Decision PDF